Welcome to the official web site of the Jamaica Veterinary Medical Association, a professional organization representing veterinarians across Jamaica. We invite you to explore the site and see for yourself who we are and why we do what we do.
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Dogs awaiting surgery at a spay-neuter clinic held by the JSPCA and the International Spay-Neuter Network.
The Jamaica Veterinary Medical Association views with great concern the problems facing the Jamaica Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (JSPCA) with regards to its location.
The difficulties encountered by the JSPCA in finding a suitable location for their animal shelter in the environs of Kingston are not new. Since its founding in 1903, JSPCA has been the champion of the rights and welfare of animals of all types and has been based at several locations beginning with King Street (1938 - 1943), Spanish Town Road, Kingston 11 (1943 – 1999, which was closed because of both funding and safety issues), 113 Constant Spring Road (1978-1991) and 10 Winchester Road (1991 – present). Where it can go now, to provide shelter and care to all animals in need is the question at hand.
Although many in Jamaica think of the JSPCA solely as a veterinary clinic for those in the low income bracket, the Society operates a shelter for stray and abandoned animals, performs low cost spay-neuter for dogs and cats and has been pivotal in dealing with domestic animal welfare issues on farms and with horses around the island. Rescue and rehabilitation services for our wildlife, from crocodiles to birds and marine mammals such as whales and dolphins, public education on animal welfare, responses in disaster situations – even internationally (e.g. in the earthquake in Haiti) are all part of its mandate. These animal welfare functions must continue to be supported by public and private contributions.
For the veterinary profession, the JSPCA has been an important source of employment and clinical experience for many newly-graduated veterinarians and those who aspire to be veterinarians as well. All veterinarians employed there are members of our Association.
Though the JSPCA operates one of several veterinary facilities in Jamaica, its charitable animal welfare mandate is what makes its continued accessibility in the Corporate Area important. The JVMA recognizes this important role of the JSPCA and urges all persons, with the capability to assist, to help identify a suitable location in the Kingston metropolitan area for a shelter for the Society to house the small and large animals that need a home. We also urge all who can help with adoption or re-homing of sheltered animals to do what they can and to support on-going spay-neuter campaigns to control the growth of our stray dog and cat populations.
DISEASE OF THE WEEK
Photo courtesy of Dr. Robert Wan
Several species of feline lungworm have been identified throughout the world so far. Aelurostrongylus abstrusus is present worldwide and responds to various treatments, whereas Troglostrongylus brevior has only been recently identified in some parts of Europe and very little is known regarding treatment protocols. T. brevior normally affects younger kittens.
A previous case study (1) carried out recently in two 7 - 9 week old stray kittens presented for coughing and severe respiratory distress, nodular pulmonary lesions with a bronchial pattern were observed on radiograph. Both of the above listed parasites were noted on faecal examination from one kitten, while T. brevior and Eucoleus aerophilus (Capillaria aerophilia) were observed in the other. The kittens were treated for the parasites which cleared up after approximately two to three weeks.
Lungworm represents an important cause of chronic cough in cats especially in known endemic areas. There is an increased incidence in some areas and with the similarities of both T. brevior and A. abstrusus, it should be of great importance to the feline practitioner. T. brevior parasites live in the bronchioles and bronchi of the host and cause clinical and radiographic changes that are somewhat similar to that of feline asthma and dirofilariasis (feline heartworm). T. brevior infection can cause severe bronchopneumonia in kittens and young cats and should be among the differentials for cats visiting the veterinarian with chronic cough or signs of respiratory distress.
Reference: Treatment of Troglostrongylus brevior (Metastrongyloidea, Crenosomatidae) in mixed lungworm infections using spot-on emodepside, Di Cesare A, et al., 2015.
Second Module of Caribbean One Health Leadership Series in Jamaica - June 23 -26, 2015
The seond module of the One Health, One Caribbean One Love (OHOCOL) Leadership Series took place at the Cardiff Hotel in Runaway Bay, St. Ann from June 23 - 26, 2015. The first took place in Tobago in November of last year. The Leadership Series is part of the EU/ACP-funded Caribbean One Health project and is designed to create a network of One Health Leaders drawn mainly from the human health, animal health and environmental professional sectors in order to facilitate an integrated approach to health issues, food safety and security, and social and environmental well-being. Each particpating country's team of Leaders will be expected to implement a small scale One Health project in their country during the four-module programme.
The opening ceremony took place on Tuesday, June 23, and featured Mr. Dermon Spence, Chief Technical Director of the Ministry of Agriculture & Fisheries bringing greetings and Professor Ishenkumba Kahwa, Deputy Principal of the University of the West Indies, Mona, giving the feature address. Recording artiste Roshaun "Bay-C" Clarke of the group T.O.K., Celebrity Patron of the One Health Jamaica (OHJ) team, was the featured performer. Dr. Paul Cadogan, OHJ team member, performed and original One Health song called "The Answer" Maroons from the community of Scotts Hall, St. Mary, the location of OHJ's local One Health project, opened and closed the ceremony with the blowing of the Abeng, traditional drumming, song and dance.
The theme of Module 2 was "Interconnectivity for food safety and security". Apart from theme related content, the module included leadership training, such as the use of interest-based negotiations and project management. Field trips looked at the state of fisheries and fish farming, and compared traditional crop farming to the organic methodology.
Technical, theme-related sessions on Day 2 were open to invited guests from the human health, veterinary and environmental sectors. It was well attended.
The third module of the One Health Leadership Series will take place in Guyana in December 2015.
One Health Jamaica team members are Environmental Scientist Dr. Chandra Degia, Public Health Inspector Ms. Dahlia Plunkett and Veterinarians Dr. Rayon Gregory and Dr. Paul Cadogan.
Some of the Veterinarians attending Day 2 of the Module: Back row L-R: Drs. Rayon Gregory, Kevin Walker, Wintorph Marsden, Paul Cadogan, Ian Anderson, Ryan Chanona. Front row L-R: Drs. Sarah Eytle, Audrie McNab, Ikolyn Ricketts, Suzan Miguel, Gillian Ellis.
University of Florida ONE HEALTH Newsletter: CLICK HERE (Vol. 8: Issue 2)
WORLD VETERINARY DAY 2015
World Veterinary Day 2015 was observed worldwide on Saturday, April 25, 2015 under the theme: “Vector-borne Diseases with Zoonotic Potential”. World Veterinary Day is an annual event scheduled on the last Saturday in April by the World Veterinary Association (WVA).
Vector-borne diseases are those that are transmitted between their human or animal hosts by another living organism, usually an arthropod such as a mosquito, fly, flea or tick. The most striking example of such a disease in Jamaica at this time is Chikungunya, transmitted by Aedes aegypti and albopictus mosquitoes.
Many vector-borne diseases around the world are zoonotic, meaning they infect both animals and humans. Some can be very debilitating or even deadly. The JVMA's World Veterinary Day Gleaner Supplement, which will seek to educate the public on the vector-borne zoonotic diseases that occur locally and around the world, was published on Sunday, April 26th, 2015.
We wish to thank all our advertisers for their support, all our article and message writers and photographers for their contributions!
CLICK HERE TO VISIT OUR WORLD VETERINARY DAY 2015 PAGE AND READ THE ARTICLES IN THE SUPPLEMENT.
The National Animal Identification & Traceability System
Dr. Ikolyn Ricketts of the VSD discusses the NAITS with veterinarians at the meeting hosted by the Veterinary Services Division
December 14, 2014
The Veterinary Services Division (VSD) will be undertaking a major national project with the implementation of the National Animal Identification and Traceability System (NAITS) with the ultimate goal of establishing a system to identify and trace the origins of all food-producing animals in Jamaica. The programme and its associated policies and protocols were outlined to veterinarians by NAITS Team Leader Dr. Ikolyn Ricketts at a meeting hosted by the VSD at the Knutsford Court Hotel on Sunday December 14, 2014.
NAITS will be first implemented for the island's cattle population and will involve the use of coded ear tags with individual animal passports which will stay with an animal for its lifetime. The tags are specialized to allow the collection of tissue samples when they are inserted, allowing for the development of a DNA database of the population as part of the overall computerized national records. The system is designed to allow for expansion of its procedures and protocols in the future, based on needs.
VSD personnel, supported by the field staff of the Rural Agricultural Development Authority (RADA) and Jamaica Agricultural Society (JAS) will be involved in the tagging process anfd farmer mobilization. A mobile squeeze will be used for the restraint of fractious animals. Tagging will be carried out on a parish by parish basis until the entire island is covered.
All farmers, regardless of number of animals owned, will be required to participate under the new Regulations being implemented under the Animal (Diseases & Importation) Act. Other stakeholders and participants will be the operators of abattoirs/slaughterhouses, livestock markets and showgrounds, public health inspectors and the police. Veterinarians and Public Health Inspectors will be involved in the certification of the death of an animal on farm or at slaughter respectively.
There will be no cost to the farmer in the first phase of the programme, but eventually, by year 3 or 4, it is envisaged that the farmer will bear the cost of the tagging.
NAITS is a necessary step to bring Jamaica in line with international best practice standards for traceability of food products from the farm to the fork. Once tagging is complete, an additional spin-off will be some level of protection from praedial larceny by making it much more difficult for stolen animals to be used for meat, since such animals cannot enter the slaughter and meat inspection process without the necessary documentation. The DNA samples collected during tagging may also aid in this.
Dr. Ricketts' presentation sparked lively discussion among the JVMA members present. Mrs. Claudette Phipps, though recently retired from her position at the VSD, was present and outlined the communications activities that will be utilized the get the NAITS message out to the public at large.
TRIBUTE TO A DOG
The one absolutely unselfish friend that man can have in this selfish world, the one that never deserts him, the one that never proves ungrateful or treacherous is his dog.
A man's dog stands by him in prosperity and in poverty, in health and in sickness. He will sleep on the cold ground, where the wintry winds blow and the snow drives fiercely, if only he may be near to his master's side.
He will kiss the hand that has no food to offer, he will lick the wounds and sores that come in encounter with the roughness of the world . He guards the sleep of his pauper master as if he was a prince. When all other friends desert, he remains.
When riches take wings and reputation falls to pieces, he is as constant in his love as the sun in its journey thru the heavens.
GEORGE VEST, 1870
POSITION PAPER ON ANIMAL WELFARE - CLICK ON LOGO ABOVE
WEEKLY DISEASE REPORT. Please click on the logo above to check on important infectious diseases occurring around the world
POSITION PAPER ON ONE HEALTH - CLICK ON LOGO ABOVE
Writer's Credit:Unless otherwise stated, all articles on this page are written by Dr. Paul Cadogan.
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